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2018年政府工作报告出炉!附新华社完整版英文翻译
  2018-03-09  浏览次数:

3月5日上午,十三届全国人大一次会议在人民大会堂开幕,李总理作政府工作报告。

今年的政府工作报告信息量巨大,要点如下:

 

一、五年成就

主要做了9方面工作。办成了不少大事:

国内生产总值从54万亿元增加到82.7万亿元。

城镇新增就业6600万人以上。

基本医疗保险覆盖13.5亿人。

贫困人口减少6800多万。

重点城市重污染天数减少一半。

基本完成裁减军队员额30万任务。

高铁网络、电子商务、移动支付、共享经济等引领世界潮流。

还要保持清醒:部分地区经济下行压力较大。在住房、教育、医疗等方面群众还有不少不满意的地方。形式主义、官僚主义不同程度存在。

 

二、今年目标

国内生产总值增长6.5%左右。

居民消费价格涨幅3%左右。

城镇新增就业1100万人以上,城镇调查失业率5.5%以内。

单位国内生产总值能耗下降3%以上。

居民收入增长和经济增长基本同步。

 

三、今年重点工作

收入:提高个人所得税起征点。

教育:切实降低农村学生辍学率,着力解决中小学生课外负担重问题。

医疗:居民基本医保人均财政补助标准再增加40元。扩大跨省异地就医直接结算范围。

去产能:再压减钢铁产能3000万吨左右,退出煤炭产能1.5亿吨左右。

降成本:再为企业和个人减税8000多亿元。

创新:加强新一代人工智能研发应用。加强雾霾治理、癌症等重大疾病防治攻关。

财税:健全地方税体系,稳妥推进房地产税立法。推进中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革。

三大攻坚战:

严厉打击非法集资、金融诈骗等违法活动。防范化解地方政府债务风险。

今年再减少农村贫困人口1000万以上。

二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放量要下降3%。严禁“洋垃圾”入境。严控填海造地。

乡村振兴:探索宅基地所有权、资格权、使用权分置改革。新建改建农村公路20万公里。

消费:新能源汽车车辆购置税优惠政策再延长三年。降低重点国有景区门票价格。

投资:完成铁路投资7320亿元、公路水运投资1.8万亿元左右。

开放:放宽或取消银行、证券、基金管理、期货、金融资产管理公司等外资股比限制。探索建设自由贸易港。

18个关键词带你梳理2018年政府工作报告

 

1. 决胜全面建成小康社会

secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects

 

今年是全面贯彻党的十九大精神的开局之年,是改革开放40周年,是决胜全面建成小康社会、实施“十三五”规划承上启下的关键一年。

This year will kick off our efforts to put all the guiding principles from the Party's 19th National Congress into action. It is the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up, and it is a crucial year for securing a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and for continuing to implement the 13th Five-Year Plan.

 

2. 以人民为中心

people-centered

 

要坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,从我国基本国情出发,尽力而为、量力而行,把群众最关切最烦心的事一件一件解决好。

We will stay true to the vision of people-centered development, start by considering China's own situation, and do everything within our capacity to resolve each and every one of the issues that most affect and worry our people.

 

3. 网络提速降费

speed up broadband and bring down internet rates

 

明显降低家庭宽带、企业宽带和专线使用费,取消流量“漫游”费,移动网络流量资费年内至少降低30%。

We will significantly lower the rates of home broadband, and corporate broadband and dedicated internet access services; domestic data roaming charges will be abolished, and rates for mobile internet services will be cut by at least 30 percent.

 

4. 制造强国

a leader in manufacturing

 

全面开展质量提升行动,推进与国际先进水平对标达标,弘扬工匠精神,来一场中国制造的品质革命。

Taking steps in all sectors to improve quality, we will work toward meeting the highest international standards, encourage the spirit of workmanship, and ignite a revolution in the quality of Chinese-made goods.

 

5. 房地产税立法

legislation on real estate tax

 

健全地方税体系,稳妥推进房地产税立法。

We will improve local tax systems, and prudently advance legislation on real estate tax.

 

6. 创新型国家

a country of innovators

 

加快建设创新型国家。

Moving faster to make China a country of innovators.

 

国家科技投入要向民生领域倾斜,加强雾霾治理、癌症等重大疾病防治攻关,使科技更好造福人民。

State investments in science and technology will be weighted toward fields related to improving living standards. We will strengthen efforts to reduce smog and prevent and cure cancers and other serious diseases, thus making science and technology do more to benefit the people.

 

7. 提高个人所得税起征点

to raise the personal income tax threshold

 

提高个人所得税起征点,增加子女教育、大病医疗等专项费用扣除,合理减负,鼓励人民群众通过劳动增加收入、迈向富裕。

We will raise the personal income tax threshold and create expense deduction for items like children's education and treatment for serious diseases, appropriately lightening burdens, and encouraging our people to increase their incomes and achieve prosperity through hard work.

 

8. 三大攻坚战

three critical battles

 

坚决打好三大攻坚战

Fighting three critical battles

 

? 推动重大风险防范化解取得明显进展。

First, we will strive for notable progress in forestalling and defusing major risks.

 

严厉打击非法集资、金融诈骗等违法活动。

There will be a serious crackdown on activities that violate the law like illegal fundraising and financial fraud.

 

? 加大精准脱贫力度。

Second, we will step up targeted poverty alleviation.

 

今年再减少农村贫困人口1000万以上,完成易地扶贫搬迁280万人。

This year, we will further reduce the poor rural population by over 10 million, including 2.8 million people who are to be relocated from inhospitable areas.

 

? 推进污染防治取得更大成效。

Third, we will work to make greater progress in addressing pollution.

 

巩固蓝天保卫战成果,今年二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放量要下降3%,重点地区细颗粒物(PM2.5)浓度继续下降。

We will consolidate the gains made in the fight to defend the blue of our skies. This year, we will cut sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions by 3 percent and achieve continuous decline in PM2.5 density in key areas.

 

9. 乡村振兴战略

the rural revitalization strategy

 

落实第二轮土地承包到期后再延长30年的政策。

We will implement the policy extending second round rural land contracts by another 30 years upon their expiration.

 

促进农村移风易俗。

We will encourage a shift away from outdated social practices.

 

10. 提高新型城镇化质量

pursue better-quality new urbanization

 

提高新型城镇化质量。今年再进城落户1300万人,加快农业转移人口市民化。

We will pursue better-quality new urbanization. This year, another 13 million people will be registered as permanent urban residency, and we will speed up work on granting permanent urban residency to people from rural areas living in cities.

 

11. 加强对儿童托育全过程监管

strengthen oversight over the whole process of childcare provision

 

要多渠道增加学前教育资源供给,运用互联网等信息化手段,加强对儿童托育全过程监管,一定要让家长放心安心。

We will increase the supply of preschool educational resources through multiple channels and use the internet and other IT-based approaches to strengthen oversight over the whole process of childcare provision, making certain that parents can have peace of mind.

 

12. 消费升级

consumption upgrading

 

推进消费升级,发展消费新业态新模式。

We will promote consumption upgrading and develop new forms and models of consumption.

 

将新能源汽车车辆购置税优惠政策再延长三年,全面取消二手车限迁政策。

We will extend preferential policies on purchase tax on new-energy vehicles by another three years, and rescind all local policies that restrict sales of non-local second-hand vehicles.

 

降低重点国有景区门票价格。

We will lower ticket prices at key state tourist sites.

 

13. 全面开放

all-around opening up

 

推动形成全面开放新格局

Creating a new landscape in all-around opening up

 

积极扩大进口,下调汽车、部分日用消费品等进口关税。

We will actively expand imports and lower import tariffs on automobiles, some everyday consumer goods, and so on.

 

14. 获得感、幸福感、安全感

to feel more satisfied, happier and secure

 

要在发展基础上多办利民实事、多解民生难事,兜牢民生底线,不断提升人民群众的获得感、幸福感、安全感。

We will, in line with economic growth, do more to directly benefit the people, address the difficulties that affect their lives, and ensure that their basic living needs are met. Our aim is to help people feel more satisfied, happier and secure.

 

15. 亲清新型政商关系

a new type of cordial and clean relationship between government and business

 

构建亲清新型政商关系,健全企业家参与涉企政策制定机制。激发和保护企业家精神,增强企业家信心,让民营企业在市场经济浪潮中尽显身手。

We will build a new type of cordial and clean relationship between government and business, and improve mechanisms for entrepreneurs to participate in enterprise-related policy formulation. We will encourage and protect entrepreneurship, boost entrepreneur confidence, and enable private enterprises to reach their maximum potential in the market economy.

 

16. 双一流

world-class universities and world-class disciplines

 

以经济社会发展需要为导向,优化高等教育结构,加快“双一流”建设。

With the needs of economic and social development as our compass, we will improve the structure of higher education, act faster to develop world-class universities and world-class disciplines.

 

要办好人民满意的教育,让每个人都有平等机会通过教育改变自身命运、成就人生梦想。

We need to work hard to provide education that our people are satisfied with, and ensure that every individual has an equal opportunity to change their life and realize their dreams through education.

 

17. 健康中国战略

Healthy China strategy

 

提高基本医保和大病保险保障水平。

We will raise the basic medical insurance and serious disease insurance benefits.

 

扩大跨省异地就医直接结算范围。

We will expand the coverage of interprovincial on-the-spot settlement of medical bills through basic insurance accounts.

 

18. 政府效能

government performance

 

全面提高政府效能。

All aspects of government performance will be improved.

 

对各级政府及其工作人员来说,为人民干事是天职、不干是失职。

To us — all levels of government and all government employees — getting things done for the people is our unquestionable duty; not doing is a dereliction of that duty.

 

最后,一组双语图片带你了解今年政府工作报告送出了哪些与我们息息相关的“红包”:

 


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