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第七单元翻译答案
作者: 发表日期:2005-11-25 浏览次数:

第七单元答案

 

二、学翻译

1. 神农架

Shennongjia

 

   Reported sightings of the mysterious creatures called Yetis (“Wildman”) are common at the Shennongjia National Nature Reserve, located between the Daba Mountains and the Wudang Mountains in western Hubei province. The existence and nature of such creatures are questions still being investigated by scientists from China, the former Soviet Union, and the United States.

   Many stories circulate about Yetis in Shennongjia. On February 6, 1980, a young Yeti was reportedly spotted at Shennongjia. In March that same year a red-haired Yeti was seen sunning himself on a rock. Later that month, a red-haired creature was seen walking erect in the forest. Now many tourists hope to be lucky and see a Yeti for themselves.

   Shennongjia is also a green treasure house, having 2,000 species of wild plants and 500 kinds of wild animals. It covers an area of 3,250 sq. km, averaging 1,000 meters above sea level, with six peaks above 3,000 meters. The main peak, Shennongding, is 3,105 meters and is known as the “First Peak of Central China”. Yetis aside, Shennongjia is worth a visit.

 

2. 莫高窟

Mogao Grottoes

 

   Mogao Grottoes, known as a “treasure house of ancient Chinese art”, were first cut in 366 on Singing Sand Mountain southeast of Dunhuang county, Gansu province. The honeycomb-like grottoes, running 1,600 meters in length and 50 meters in height, include 700 caves. Seine 492 of the caves have superb murals and coloured statues executed through 11 dynasties and kingdoms including the Northem Wei (386534), Western Wei (535536), Northern Zhou ( 557581 ), Sui (581618), Tang (618907), Five Dynasties (907960), Northern Song (9601127), Western Xia (10381227) and Yuan (12711368). The gorgeous murals of totaling 45,000 square meters and the over 2,500 life-like sculptures capture various aspects of ancient Chinese life such as hunting, farming, cloth spinning and weaving, transportation and communication, battles, dance and music, house construction, weddings and funerals. They embody both traditional Chinese styles and the characteristics of Indian and Persian art.

 

3. 苏州古典园林

The Classical Gardens of Suzhou

 

   With favorable natural and geographic conditions and a history of more than 2,500 years, Suzhou is a historic and cultural city situated in the Lower Yangtze basin by the side of Lake Tai. Founded in 514 B.C. Suzhou has been an important metropolis in the area south of the Lower Yangtze. Ever since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Suzhou, noted for its well-known scholars, great artists, outstanding architects, prominent playwrights and literary men, has beheld the prosperity of its industries and commerce, becoming the economic and cultural center of China. Under these advantageous circumstances, the classical gardens of Suzhou came into being. Famous at home and abroad, they are poetic, picturesque, numerous, exquisite and rich in literary connotations, and represent themselves as a brilliant gem of Chinese cultural heritage.

   The earliest gardens of Suzhou, which belonged to the King of Wu, can be traced far back to the 6th century B.C. The Pijiang Garden was recorded as the earliest privately-owned garden dating from the 4th century Eastern Jin Dynasty. Historical records show that the classical gardens of Suzhou reached their apogee in a period of time from the 16th to the 18th century and more than 200 gardens were built in the city of Suzhou and its environs. Dozens of them have survived to the present day and are kept in a good state of preservation.

   Laid out within a limited area by the house, a classical garden of Suzhou is a microcosm of the world made of the basic elements of water, rocks, vegetation and various kinds of buildings. Like the freehand brushwork in traditional Chinese painting, it is the creation of “urban scenery” or an amicable environment that brings man into harmony with nature. The Chinese ancients held Mother Nature in reverence and had a desire to return to her arms. Today, we can discover these cultural mentalities by observing the landscapes, waterscapes, vegetation and inscriptions of the existing gardens.

   The classical gardens of Suzhou, bearing unambiguous evidence of the evolution of Chinese gardens, are excellent examples of Chinese landscape gardening and important models for garden theoretical researches. “Chinese gardens are the mother of gardens on earth and Suzhou gardens are the brilliant representatives of Chinese gardens.” Viewed in broad perspectives, people are becoming aware of the value of these treasures handed down from the past generations to the present with protective measures and great care.

   On Dec. 4, 1997, the 21st session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee was unanimous in support of the decision of inscribing on the World Heritage List the classical gardens of Suzhou with the Humble Administrator’s Garden, the Lingering Garden, the Master-of-Nets Garden and the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty as the finest specimens. In Dec. 1998, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China approved of putting the Canglang Pavilion, the Lion Forest Garden, the Garden of Cultivation, the Couple’s Garden Retreat and the Retreat & Reflection Garden on A Supplementary List of the Classical Gardens of Suzhou—the World Heritage and officially submitted it to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

 

(Tr. Dong Xiaoming)

 

4. 北京饭店

Welcome to Beijing Hotel

 

Dear Guests,

Greetings from Beijing Hotel!

First we would like to thank you for your custom and patronage to Beijing Hotel.

In 1995 we have put forward a series of new service measures on the principle of providing the most sincere services to our friends from all walks of life.

1. Company Contract Rates

Reservations through your respected company are subject to our favorable rates of 20% less, beginning from the date of signing the contract.

2. Birthday Blessings

Guests who stay in this hotel on their birthdays will receive a fine birthday present with words of blessing from our General Manager.

3. VIP Service

The VIP guests of your company and frequent guests to this hotel will get preference in the arrangement of VIP rooms.

4. VIP Follow-up Service

The VIP guests of your company and frequent guests to this hotel will get sincere blessings from us on their birthdays, no matter how distant they are.

5. Famous Chinese Hotels Club Membership Service

The Famous Chinese Hotels Club has twenty-one members in twenty-one cities and regions in and outside China. The VIP guests of your company will be presented with a VIP club membership card, with which they can have favorable prices in all club member hotels.

Respected guests, we always await the presence of your guests and provide them the warmest services.

 

Contact: Mr. Qi Luning

Dapertment of Sales and Marketing

Beijing Hotel

Tel.: 0086-10-5137340 or 0086-10-5137766 ext. 668

Fax: 0086-10-5137703

(Tr. Shi Baohui)

: 翻译成英语是给外国人看的, 所以电话要加上国际区号和当地区号。中国的国际区号是86, 北京的国内区号是10。国际直拨需加前缀00(可写为+), 因此从国外打北京应拨008610, 再拨电话号码。国内异地电话前缀是0, 因此从外省拨北京应先拨010, 再拨电话号码。涉及国内读者也应在电话号码前加上: (010)

 

5. 我国的森林旅游业

Forest Tourism in China

 

Since the 1960s, forest tourism, which takes the forest as its main landscape, has made itself into a unique enterprise to effectively protect the forest and improve the living environment in many countries. As the human being makes progress in its civilization and ecological awareness, it has become an increasingly intense desire and pursuit of the contemporary times to worship and return to the nature. It has been predicted by the UN experts that by the end of this century the world’s total number of tourists is expected to reach 3 billion person-times while half of these will go to the forest. Therefore, forest tourism is a new hot spot in today’s travel, with enormous potentials.

Forest tourism refers to the various forms of outdoor tourist activity that take the landscape resources in the forest regions as its main purpose of tourism, whether such activity is utilizing the forest directly or indirectly. On the one hand, forest tourism is the tourist’s enjoyment of the beautiful ecological environment of the forest and returning to the nature that embodies the human civilization. On the other, it is also the search for interest of the open air in the mountain forests by people living in the modern civilized society. It has numerous functions, including relaxation, peculiarity, knowledge pursuit, freshness, health building, meditation, and artistic inspiration. In addition, it features a strong sense of naturalness, authenticity, scientific orientation, and participation.

The establishment of natural reserve parks to cultivate the resources of forest landscape and develop the forest tourism enterprise is a multidimensional development program for the forestry departments to transform our ideology, deepen reform and provide the society with quality tourist environment using our existing resources as an advantage. It is also an important measure to develop forestry with an ecological and economic orientation as well as a systematic engineering to fully utilize the multiple benefits of the forest. As the development of forest tourism follows the trend of the times and meets the need of the material and cultural life of the people, it has a broad prospect for further development.

(Tr. Shi Baohui)

 

三、作业

1. 北海公园

Bei Hai Park

 

   Bei Hai (North Lake) Park, covering an area of 68.2 hectares, was the imperial garden in the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The centre of the park is Qiong Island, 32.8 metres high and 1,913 metres in circumference. It was made in 1179 (in the Jin Dynasty) with the earth that came from the digging of the lake. The White Dagoba built on it in 1651 is as high as 35.9 metres.

   There is a stone tablet erected in 1751 in the northeast of Qiong Island, with “Qiong Dao Chun Yin” (Spring Shade on the Qiong Island) written by Emperor Qian Long (17361796 A.D.) engraved on it. This area, noted for its beautiful scenery, was counted as one of the eight outstanding views of Beijing.

   On the north shore of the lake are the Five-Dragon Pavilions, built in 1602, where the emperors enjoyed fishing and watched fire-works. Not far to the northeast stands the Nine-Dragon Screen, put up in 1756, which is made of colourful glazed tiles. With nine lively dragons on each side, it has proved the creativeness of the working people of China. Near there is the Iron Screen, which is a relic of the Yuan Dynasty.

 

2. 天坛公园

The Temple of Heaven

 

   The Temple of Heaven, built in 1420 and covering an area of 237 hectares, was the place where the emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties worshiped heaven and prayed for good harvest. It mainly consists of the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, the Circular Mound Altar and the Imperial Vault of Heaven.

   The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, originally built in 1420, was turned into a cone-shaped structure with triple eaves and a gilded ball on the top in 1545. Burnt down in a thunderstorm, it was rebuilt in 1890, and repaired in 1971. Used as a place for the emperors to pray for good harvest, the hall, 38 metres high (including 6 metres of stone terrace) and 30 metres in diametre, is built of wood and brick, with no beam in the centre.

   Built in 1530, the Imperial Vault of Heaven contains the famous Echo Wall and the Triple Sound Stones.

   The Circular Mound Altar, also built in 1530, was a place for the emperors to worship heaven on the winter solstice and to pray for rain in summer. It is a 3-layer stone terrace decorated with white marble railings. Speaking in the middle of the altar, one’s voice will sound particularly loud and clear.

 

3) 拙政园

The Humble Administrator’s Garden

 

   Situated in the northeastern part of the ancient city of Suzhou, the Humble Administrator’s Garden, covering 5.2 ha., is regarded as a typical example of the classical gardens of Suzhou and one of the four most famous gardens of China. In 1961 it was listed as cultural relics of national importance. Since 1997 the Humble Administrator’s Garden, the Lingering Garden, the Master-of-Nets Garden and the Mountain Villa with Embracing Beauty, serving as the four finest specimens of the classical gardens of Suzhou, have been inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO.

   In the 4th year of the reign of Zhengde (A.D. 509) under the Ming Dynasty, the Imperial Inspector Wang Xianchen returned to Suzhou after relegation and built his garden. He borrowed the idea from the essay entitled “Staying at Home Idle” by the Jin writer Pan Yue, saying,”To cultivate my garden and sell my vegetable crop ... is the policy of humble man.” Hence the name. Now it consists of the housing complex, the eastern, middle and western parts. The eastern part was originally called the Retirement Farmhouse. The middle part is the cream of the whole garden. Reconstructed in the reign of Guangxu under the Qing Dynasty, the former Complementary Garden is to be found in the western part. Separated in the past, the three parts have been united and open to the public since the 1950s. Making good use of the natural contours, the Humble Administrator’s Garden is centered upon the broad expanse of a lake with a variety of buildings constructed close to the water and exuberant bushes and trees. Its poetic and picturesque landscapes and waterscapes are described as being simple, archaic, extensive and natural, possessing the characteristics of the Ming style garden in the area south of the Lower Yangtze. There’s a bonsai garden in the western part of the garden. A collection of over 700 Suzhou style bonsai is displayed there. Part of the housing complex is now used as the Suzhou Garden Museum. The Rhododendron Simsii & R. Spp. Show in the spring and the Nelumbo Nucifero Festival in the summer are held within the Humble Administrator’s Garden.

 

(Tr. Dong Xiaoming)